Can Birds Eat Human Food? A Detailed Guide

Birds are a common sight around our homes and neighborhoods. Their cheerful chirping and vibrant feathers bring joy to many. You may have wondered if you can share your food with your feathered friends.

It’s a valid question since we often feel inclined to offer snacks to cute creatures we come across.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: While some human foods are perfectly fine for birds, many are unhealthy or even toxic. It’s best to stick to birdseed, fruits, veggies, nuts, and seeds made specifically for birds.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about feeding birds food meant for human consumption. You’ll learn which foods are safe, which to avoid, and how much to offer birds that visit your yard or bird feeders.

What Do Birds Eat in the Wild?

Birds have a diverse diet that varies depending on their species, habitat, and season. They have adapted to different environments and developed specialized feeding behaviors. Understanding what birds eat in the wild can help us provide appropriate food for them in our backyards or when encountering them in natural settings.

Seeds and Grains

Seeds and grains are a staple food for many bird species. They are an excellent source of energy and provide essential nutrients. Common examples of seeds and grains that birds consume include sunflower seeds, millet, corn, and oats.

Different birds have different feeding preferences, so offering a variety of seeds and grains can attract a wide range of bird species to your backyard feeder.

Fruits and Berries

Fruits and berries are an important part of the diet for fruit-eating birds. They provide vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Some birds, like thrushes and waxwings, have specialized beaks that allow them to eat fruit.

Common fruits and berries that attract birds include apples, cherries, grapes, and elderberries. Planting native fruit-bearing trees and shrubs in your yard can provide a natural food source for birds.

Insects and Small Invertebrates

Insects and small invertebrates are a crucial source of protein for many bird species, especially during the breeding season when they need to feed their young. Birds like warblers, flycatchers, and swallows are insectivorous and rely heavily on insects for their diet.

They consume a wide variety of insects, including beetles, caterpillars, and spiders. Providing a water source, such as a birdbath, can attract insects and increase the chances of attracting insect-eating birds to your yard.


Some bird species, such as hummingbirds and sunbirds, are nectar feeders. They have long, specialized beaks and tongues that allow them to extract nectar from flowers. Nectar is a sugary solution that provides birds with a high-energy food source.

Planting nectar-rich flowers like salvias, penstemons, and honeysuckles can attract these beautiful birds to your garden.

Meat and Eggs

While most birds are not strictly carnivorous, some species do include meat and eggs in their diet. Birds of prey, such as eagles, hawks, and owls, primarily feed on small mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish. They have sharp beaks and talons that enable them to catch and consume their prey.

Additionally, some bird species, like gulls and crows, are opportunistic feeders and will scavenge for leftover meat or eggs.

Understanding the natural diet of birds is essential for their well-being and conservation. By providing a variety of foods that mimic their natural diet, we can attract and support a diverse array of bird species.

Remember, it’s important to offer appropriate foods for birds and avoid feeding them human food that may be harmful to their health.

Human Foods That Are Safe For Birds

Feeding birds can be a fun and rewarding experience. While it’s important to provide them with a balanced diet, you may wonder if it’s safe to share some of your own food with them. Fortunately, there are several human foods that are safe for birds to eat. Here are some options:

Cooked Rice and Pasta

Both cooked rice and pasta are safe for birds to consume. These foods provide a good source of carbohydrates, which are an essential part of their diet. Make sure to cook them without any seasonings or additives, as they can be harmful to birds.

Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and vegetables are excellent choices for birds as they are packed with essential vitamins and minerals. Some safe options include apples, bananas, carrots, and leafy greens. It’s important to wash them thoroughly and remove any seeds or pits before offering them to the birds.

Cheese and Yogurt

Cheese and yogurt can be given to birds in moderation. These dairy products provide a good source of protein and calcium. However, dairy should only be given as an occasional treat and not as a regular part of their diet.

Cooked Lean Meats

Lean meats such as chicken and turkey can be offered to birds as a source of protein. It’s important to cook the meat thoroughly and remove any bones before serving it to the birds. Avoid seasoning the meat with spices or additives, as they can be harmful to birds.

Bread Crumbs and Crackers

Bread crumbs and crackers can be a great option for birds, especially if they are offered in moderation. However, it’s important to choose plain varieties without any added salt or seasoning. These foods can be a good source of carbohydrates and can provide some variety to their diet.

Remember, while these human foods are safe for birds, they should only be given as occasional treats and should not replace their regular bird food. It’s important to provide a balanced diet that includes a variety of seeds, pellets, and fresh water.

If you’re unsure about a specific food, it’s always best to consult with a veterinarian who specializes in avian care.


Foods to Avoid Giving Birds


While humans may enjoy indulging in chocolate treats, it is important to note that chocolate can be extremely harmful to birds. Chocolate contains theobromine, a compound that is toxic to birds, as well as caffeine.

These substances can cause a variety of health issues for birds, including heart problems and even death. It is best to avoid giving birds any chocolate, even in small amounts.


Just like chocolate, caffeine is another substance that should be avoided when it comes to feeding birds. Caffeine can have negative effects on a bird’s nervous system and can lead to increased heart rate, restlessness, and even seizures.

It is important to keep any caffeinated drinks or foods away from birds to ensure their well-being.


Alcohol is another item that birds should never consume. Alcoholic beverages can cause liver damage and other serious health issues for birds. Even a small amount of alcohol can be toxic to birds, so it is crucial to keep alcohol away from them at all times.

Fatty and Salty Foods

While birds do require some fat in their diets, it is important to avoid feeding them foods that are excessively high in fat or salt. Foods such as chips, fried foods, and processed snacks can be harmful to birds in large quantities.

These types of foods can lead to obesity, heart problems, and other health issues. It is best to stick to a balanced diet of birdseed, fruits, and vegetables for your feathered friends.

Raw Meat, Eggs, Bones

Raw meat, eggs, and bones should also be avoided when it comes to feeding birds. Raw meat can contain harmful bacteria that can make birds sick, while uncooked eggs may contain salmonella. Additionally, birds may choke on small bones or suffer from internal injuries if they consume them.

It is best to cook meat thoroughly and remove any bones before giving it to birds.

Tips for Feeding Birds Human Food

Only Offer Human Food Occasionally

Feeding birds human food can be a fun and rewarding experience. However, it is important to remember that birds have specific dietary needs and should primarily be fed a diet of seeds, fruits, and insects.

While it is okay to offer them small amounts of human food occasionally, it should not make up a significant portion of their diet. Human food is often high in salt, sugar, and unhealthy fats, which can be harmful to birds if consumed in excess.

So, remember to keep it as a special treat rather than a regular occurrence.

Remove Rinds, Pits, Peels, and Skins

When offering birds human food, it is essential to remove any rinds, pits, peels, or skins. These parts of the food can be difficult for birds to digest and may even pose a choking hazard. For example, while birds can enjoy small pieces of apple, make sure to remove the seeds and the core before offering it to them.

By removing these parts, you can ensure that the food is safe for the birds to consume.

Cut Foods Into Bite-Sized Pieces

Birds have small beaks, so it is important to cut human food into small, bite-sized pieces. This makes it easier for them to eat and reduces the risk of choking. For example, if you want to offer birds some bread, tear it into small crumbs or cut it into small squares.

This way, the birds can easily pick up and consume the food without any difficulty.

Avoid Moldy or Spoiled Produce

Just like humans, birds can also get sick from eating moldy or spoiled food. Therefore, it is crucial to avoid offering them any produce that is past its prime. Moldy or spoiled food can contain harmful bacteria and toxins that can be detrimental to the health of birds.

So, always make sure to check the quality of the food before offering it to them.

Wash Produce Before Serving

Before feeding birds any fruits or vegetables, it is essential to wash them thoroughly. This removes any pesticides, dirt, or other residues that may be present on the surface of the produce. By washing the food, you can ensure that it is clean and safe for the birds to consume.

Additionally, make sure to remove any stickers or labels that may be attached to the produce.

Don’t Overfeed

While it may be tempting to keep feeding birds with human food, it is important not to overfeed them. Birds have specific nutritional requirements, and an excessive intake of human food can lead to imbalances in their diet.

Additionally, overfeeding can lead to obesity and other health issues in birds. So, it is crucial to offer human food in moderation and ensure that it does not replace their regular diet of seeds, fruits, and insects.


Birds can safely eat some people food in small amounts as an occasional treat. However, birdseed, produce, nuts, and seeds made specifically for birds will always be the healthiest option. Avoid offering birds anything salty, sugary, fatty, or spoiled.

With proper precautions, sharing scraps from your plate can be a fun way to bond with your feathered friends. Just be sure to stick to bird-safe choices and portions. The birds will get some variety in their diets while you get the enjoyment of watching them eat.

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