Can Chickens Eat Bird Seed? Everything You Need To Know

Backyard chicken keepers know that coming up with a balanced diet for their flock can be challenging. With so many opinions and options out there, it’s tough to know what’s safe and healthy for your chickens to eat.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: Yes, chickens can eat bird seed in moderation as part of a balanced diet.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about feeding bird seed to chickens. You’ll learn the pros and cons, which types are best, how much to feed, and potential health risks to watch out for.

The Nutritional Value of Bird Seed for Chickens

When it comes to feeding chickens, it’s important to provide them with a balanced and nutritious diet. While their main diet usually consists of grains, fruits, and vegetables, many chicken owners wonder if bird seed can be included in their feathered friends’ meals.

Let’s take a closer look at the nutritional value of bird seed for chickens.

High in Carbs and Fat

Bird seed is primarily composed of carbohydrates and fat, making it a good energy source for chickens. The carbohydrates in bird seed provide the necessary fuel for their daily activities and help keep them active and healthy.

The fat content in bird seed also contributes to their overall energy levels.

However, it’s important to note that bird seed should be given to chickens in moderation. Too much fat can lead to weight gain and health issues, so it’s best to offer bird seed as a treat rather than a staple part of their diet.

Rich in Protein

Bird seed is also a good source of protein for chickens. Protein is essential for muscle development, feather growth, and overall health. Chickens need a sufficient amount of protein to maintain their feathers, which are vital for insulation and protection against the cold.

While bird seed does contain protein, it’s important to note that it may not be a complete protein source for chickens. They still require a balanced diet that includes other sources of protein, such as insects, worms, or commercial poultry feed.

Provides Important Vitamins and Minerals

Bird seed contains a variety of vitamins and minerals that can benefit chickens. These include vitamin E, which is essential for their immune system, and minerals such as calcium and phosphorus, which are vital for strong bones and eggshell production.

It’s important to remember that while bird seed can provide some vitamins and minerals, it should not be the sole source of these nutrients for chickens. A well-balanced diet that includes a variety of foods is crucial for their overall health and well-being.

Benefits of Feeding Bird Seed to Chickens

Convenient and Affordable

Feeding bird seed to chickens is a convenient and affordable option for poultry owners. Bird seed is readily available in most pet stores, garden centers, and online retailers. It comes in various blends and can be easily purchased in bulk.

Additionally, bird seed is generally cheaper compared to specialized chicken feed, making it a cost-effective choice for those on a budget.

Chickens Love the Taste

Chickens are naturally attracted to the taste of bird seed. The mixture of different grains and seeds in bird seed provides a varied and flavorful diet for chickens. The seeds in the mix, such as sunflower seeds and millet, are especially appealing to chickens.

Feeding them bird seed can be a great way to introduce new flavors and keep your flock excited about mealtime.

Encourages Natural Foraging Behavior

Feeding bird seed to chickens can encourage their natural foraging behavior. Chickens are natural foragers and enjoy pecking and scratching for food. By scattering bird seed in their coop or yard, you can simulate the experience of foraging in the wild.

This not only provides mental stimulation for the chickens but also helps them develop their natural instincts and keeps them active and engaged.

Best Types of Bird Seed for Chickens

Black Oil Sunflower Seeds

One of the best types of bird seed for chickens is black oil sunflower seeds. These seeds are rich in protein and fat, making them a nutritious and energy-packed snack for chickens. They also have a high oil content, which is beneficial for maintaining healthy feathers and skin.

Black oil sunflower seeds are easily digestible for chickens and can be offered as a treat or mixed with their regular feed.

Cracked Corn

Cracked corn is another popular bird seed option for chickens. It is a great source of carbohydrates and provides chickens with energy. The small size of the cracked corn makes it easy for chickens to eat and digest.

However, it is important to note that cracked corn should not be the main source of nutrition for chickens, as it lacks certain essential nutrients. It should be offered as a supplement to their regular feed.


Millet is a small, round seed that is often included in bird seed mixes. It is a good source of carbohydrates and can be a tasty treat for chickens. Millet is also rich in fiber, which helps promote healthy digestion in chickens.

It can be offered as a supplement to their regular feed or scattered on the ground to encourage natural foraging behavior.


Oats are a nutritious and versatile bird seed option for chickens. They are packed with vitamins, minerals, and fiber, making them a great addition to a chicken’s diet. Oats can be fed as a treat or mixed with their regular feed.

They can also be cooked and served to chickens as a warm and comforting meal during colder months.

Safflower Seeds

Safflower seeds are a popular bird seed choice for chickens. They are high in protein and provide essential fatty acids that are beneficial for chickens’ overall health. Safflower seeds have a hard shell, which can help keep chickens entertained and engaged as they work to crack them open.

These seeds can be offered as a treat or mixed with their regular feed.

How Much Bird Seed to Feed Chickens

When it comes to feeding chickens bird seed, it’s important to keep in mind the proper quantity. While bird seed can be a nutritious addition to their diet, it should be given in moderation to avoid any potential health issues.

Here are some key points to consider when determining how much bird seed to feed your chickens:

Limit to 10% of Diet

As a general rule, bird seed should only make up about 10% of your chickens’ overall diet. While it can provide them with additional protein, healthy fats, and essential nutrients, it should not be the main component of their meals.

A diet that is too high in bird seed can lead to an imbalance in their nutritional intake and potentially cause health problems. So, make sure to offer bird seed as a treat rather than a staple food.

Free-Choice vs Measured Amounts

There are two main approaches to feeding bird seed to chickens: free-choice or measured amounts. Free-choice feeding involves providing a constant supply of bird seed for chickens to eat as they please.

This method works well for chickens that have access to a wide range of food options and are good at self-regulating their intake. However, if your chickens tend to overeat or have specific dietary needs, it may be necessary to measure out the bird seed and offer it in controlled portions.

Adjust Based on Age and Health Needs

The amount of bird seed you feed your chickens should also depend on their age and specific health needs. For example, young chicks may have different dietary requirements compared to adult chickens, and chickens with certain health conditions or dietary restrictions may need a modified feeding plan.

It’s always a good idea to consult with a veterinarian or poultry expert to determine the appropriate amount of bird seed for your chickens based on their individual needs.

Remember, while bird seed can be a tasty and nutritious addition to your chickens’ diet, it should be given in moderation and as part of a well-balanced meal plan. Taking into account the 10% limit, choosing between free-choice or measured amounts, and adjusting based on age and health needs will help ensure that your chickens stay healthy and happy.

Risks and Precautions When Feeding Bird Seed

While it may be tempting to give your chickens some bird seed as a treat, there are a few risks and precautions to consider. It’s important to remember that chickens have specific dietary needs and not all foods are suitable for them. Here are some potential issues to be aware of:

Too High in Fat

Bird seed is often high in fat content, which can be problematic for chickens. While they do require a certain amount of fat in their diet, excessive amounts can lead to health issues such as obesity and liver problems.

It’s essential to maintain a balanced diet for your chickens, and bird seed should only be given in moderation as an occasional treat.

Risk of Choking

Another concern when feeding bird seed to chickens is the risk of choking. Bird seed typically consists of small, hard seeds that can be difficult for chickens to swallow whole. If they are not properly cracked or ground, there is a chance that the seeds can get lodged in their throat, potentially causing choking hazards.

To prevent this, it’s recommended to crush or grind the bird seed before feeding it to your chickens.

Can Contain Harmful Fungi

One lesser-known risk associated with bird seed is the potential presence of harmful fungi. Certain types of bird seed, especially those that have been improperly stored or are past their expiration date, can contain molds or fungi that are toxic to chickens.

Ingesting such contaminated bird seed can lead to digestive issues and even poisoning. It’s crucial to carefully inspect the bird seed for any signs of mold or unusual odor before offering it to your chickens.

Remember, the health and well-being of your chickens should always be a top priority. While bird seed can be a fun and tasty treat for them, it’s important to exercise caution and take necessary precautions to ensure their safety.

If you’re unsure about whether or not a particular food, such as bird seed, is suitable for your chickens, it’s always best to consult with a veterinarian or poultry expert.

Tips for Serving Bird Seed to Chickens

If you’re wondering whether chickens can eat bird seed, the answer is yes! Bird seed can actually be a nutritious and tasty addition to your chicken’s diet. However, there are a few things to keep in mind when serving bird seed to your feathered friends.

Here are some tips to ensure that your chickens enjoy their bird seed in a safe and healthy way:

Mix with Other Feed

While bird seed can provide a variety of nutrients for chickens, it should not be the sole source of their diet. It is important to mix bird seed with other types of feed to ensure that your chickens are getting a balanced meal.

A well-balanced diet for chickens typically consists of a combination of grains, vegetables, fruits, and proteins. By mixing bird seed with these other feeds, you can provide your chickens with a diverse range of nutrients to support their overall health.

Use a Treat Ball or Scatter Feed

One fun way to serve bird seed to your chickens is by using a treat ball or scatter feeding. Treat balls are hollow balls with holes that allow the chickens to peck at the bird seed inside. This not only provides them with mental stimulation and entertainment but also encourages natural foraging behaviors.

Scatter feeding involves simply scattering the bird seed on the ground, allowing the chickens to search for and eat the seeds. Both methods can be a great way to keep your chickens active and engaged while enjoying their bird seed.

Soak Before Serving

In order to make bird seed easier for chickens to digest, you can soak it before serving. Soaking the bird seed for a few hours or overnight can help soften the seeds and make them more palatable for your chickens. This is especially beneficial for younger chickens or chickens with dental issues.

Be sure to drain the water before serving the soaked bird seed to your chickens, as excess moisture can lead to mold or bacterial growth.

Remember, while bird seed can be a healthy addition to your chicken’s diet, it should be offered in moderation. Overfeeding bird seed can lead to weight gain and nutritional imbalances. It’s always a good idea to consult with a poultry expert or veterinarian to ensure that you are providing your chickens with a balanced and appropriate diet.


While bird seed can make a nutritious supplemental treat for chickens, it shouldn’t make up the bulk of their diet. Feeding too much could lead to obesity and other health issues. The safest approach is to mix a small amount into their feed, use it for foraging, or offer it in moderation by hand.

We hope this guide gave you a well-rounded overview of the pros, cons, and best practices for feeding bird seed to chickens. A balanced diet is key to keeping your flock healthy and productive over the long term.

Be sure to monitor your chickens and adjust their feed as needed to meet their nutritional needs.

Similar Posts